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Title: Anion Gap Toxicity in Alloxan Induced Type 2 Diabetic Rats Treated with Antidiabetic Noncytotoxic Bioactive Compounds of Ethanolic Extract of Moringa oleifera
Authors: Omabe, M.
Nwudele, N.
Omabe, Kenneth Nwobini
Okorocha, Albert Egwu
First Published: 8-Dec-2014
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Citation: Journal of Toxicology Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 406242, 7 pages
Abstract: Moringa oleifera (MO) is used for a number of therapeutic purposes. This raises the question of safety and possible toxicity. The objective of the study was to ascertain the safety and possible metabolic toxicity in comparison with metformin, a known drug associated with acidosis. Animals confirmed with diabetes were grouped into 2 groups. The control group only received oral dose of PBS while the test group was treated with ethanolic extract of MO orally twice daily for 5-6 days. Data showed that the extract significantly lowered glucose level to normal values and did not cause any significant cytotoxicity compared to the control group (𝑃 = 0.0698); there was no gain in weight between the MO treated and the control groups (𝑃 > 0.8115). However, data showed that treatment with an ethanolic extract of MO caused a decrease in bicarbonate (𝑃 < 0.0001), and more than twofold increase in anion gap (𝑃 < 0.0001); metformin treatment also decreased bicarbonate (𝑃 < 0.0001) and resulted in a threefold increase in anion gap (𝑃 < 0.0001). Conclusively, these data show that while MO appears to have antidiabetic and noncytotoxic properties, it is associated with statistically significant anion gap acidosis in alloxan induced type 2 diabetic rats.
DOI Link: 10.1155/2014/406242
ISSN: 1687-8191
eISSN: 1687-8205
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2014 Maxwell Omabe et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 3.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cell Physiology and Pharmacology

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