Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2381/36169
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLiu, P.-
dc.contributor.authorLiu, D.-
dc.contributor.authorHan, B.-
dc.contributor.authorPaterson, Kevin B.-
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-06T09:42:15Z-
dc.date.available2016-01-06T09:42:15Z-
dc.date.issued2015-10-29-
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers in Psychology, 2015, 6, p. 1656en
dc.identifier.urihttp://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01656/abstracten
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2381/36169-
dc.description.abstractSubstantial evidence indicates that where readers fixate within a word affects the efficiency with which that word is recognized. Indeed, words in alphabetic languages (e.g., English, French) are recognized most efficiently when fixated at their optimal viewing position (OVP), which is near the word center. However, little is known about the effects of fixation location on word recognition in non-alphabetic languages, such as Chinese. Moreover, studies to date have not investigated if effects of fixation location vary across adult age-groups, although it is well-established that older readers experience greater difficulty recognizing words due to visual and cognitive declines. Accordingly, the present research examined OVP effects by young and older adult readers when recognizing Chinese words presented in isolation. Most words in Chinese are formed from two or more logograms called characters and so the present experiment investigated the influence of fixation location on the recognition of 2-, 3-, and 4-character words (and nonwords). The older adults experienced generally greater word recognition difficulty. But whereas the young adults recognized words most efficiently when initially fixating the first character of 2-character words and second character of 3- and 4-character words, the older adults recognized words most efficiently when initially fixating the first character for words of each length. The findings therefore reveal subtle but potentially important adult age differences in the effects of fixation location on Chinese word recognition. Moreover, the similarity in effects for words and nonwords implies a more general age-related change in oculomotor strategy when processing Chinese character-strings.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherFrontiersen
dc.relation.urihttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26579039-
dc.rightsCopyright © 2015 Liu, Liu, Han and Paterson. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en
dc.subjectChinese wordsen
dc.subjectagingen
dc.subjecteye movementsen
dc.subjectviewing positionen
dc.subjectword recognitionen
dc.titleAging and the optimal viewing position effect in Chineseen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01656-
dc.identifier.eissn1664-1078-
dc.description.statusPeer-revieweden
dc.description.versionPublisher Versionen
dc.type.subtypeJournal Article-
pubs.organisational-group/Organisationen
pubs.organisational-group/Organisation/COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND PSYCHOLOGYen
pubs.organisational-group/Organisation/COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND PSYCHOLOGY/MBSP Non-Medical Departmentsen
pubs.organisational-group/Organisation/COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND PSYCHOLOGY/MBSP Non-Medical Departments/Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviouren
pubs.organisational-group/Organisation/COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND PSYCHOLOGY/Themesen
pubs.organisational-group/Organisation/COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND PSYCHOLOGY/Themes/Neuroscience & Behaviouren
pubs.organisational-group/Organisation/COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND PSYCHOLOGY/Themes/RESULTen
dc.dateaccepted2015-10-14-
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Aging and the optimal viewing position effect in Chinese..pdfPublished (publisher PDF)1.99 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in LRA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.