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dc.contributor.authorNichols, Jonathan D.-
dc.contributor.authorAchilleos, N.-
dc.contributor.authorCowley, Stanley W. H.-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2015, 120en
dc.description.abstractWe present an iterative vector potential model of force balance in Jupiter's magnetodisc that includes the effects of hot plasma pressure anisotropy. The fiducial model produces results that are consistent with Galileo magnetic field and plasma data over the whole radial range of the model. The hot plasma pressure gradient and centrifugal forces dominate in the regions inward of ∼20 RJ and outward of ∼50 RJ, respectively, while for realistic values of the pressure anisotropy, the anisotropy current is either the dominant component or at least comparable with the hot plasma pressure gradient current in the region in between. With the inclusion of hot plasma pressure anisotropy, the ∼1.2 and ∼2.7° shifts in the latitudes of the main oval and Ganymede footprint, respectively, associated with variations over the observed range of the hot plasma parameter Kh, which is the product of hot pressure and unit flux tube volume, are comparable to the shifts observed in auroral images. However, the middle magnetosphere is susceptible to the firehose instability, with peak equatorial values of βh∥e−βh⊥e≃1 − 2, for Kh=2.0 − 2.5 × 107 Pa m T−1. For larger values of Kh,βh∥e−βh⊥e exceeds 2 near ∼25 RJ and the model does not converge. This suggests that small-scale plasmoid release or “drizzle” of iogenic plasma may often occur in the middle magnetosphere, thus forming a significant mode of plasma mass loss, alongside plasmoids, at Jupiter.en
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Unionen
dc.rightsCopyright © the authors, 2015. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.en
dc.titleA model of force balance in Jupiter's magnetodisc including hot plasma pressure anisotropyen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher Versionen
pubs.organisational-group/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERINGen
pubs.organisational-group/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Physics and Astronomyen
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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