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Title: Individual differences in the effectiveness of text cohesion for science text comprehension
Authors: Hall, Sophie
Basran, Jaskaran
Paterson, Kevin B.
Kowalski, Rebecca
Filik, Ruth
Maltby, John
First Published: 1-Nov-2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Learning and Individual Differences, 2014, 29, pp. 74-80
Abstract: The present study examined associations between individual differences and comprehension capabilities of secondary school children when reading texts about science topics of varying levels of cohesion (i.e. low versus high cohesion). We administered measures of learning after reading high and low cohesion texts (defined by repetition of nouns and phrases) to 60 students (31 boys, 29 girls) and measured cognitive ability, facets of conscientiousness, and science self-efficacy. Students achieved better learning from high cohesion text. High cognitive ability was associated with good performance with both texts, whereas low cognitive ability was associated with poor performance on low cohesion text. High science self-efficacy was associated with good performance on both texts, low science self-efficacy was associated with average performance with the texts. Low dutifulness (conscientiousness facet) was associated with poor performance on low cohesion text. These results have significant implications for the design of science textbooks and potential teacher intervention strategies with the aim of improving science education.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.lindif.2013.10.014
ISSN: 1041-6080
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2014, Elesevier. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s open access archiving policy. This version is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License ( ), which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, School of Psychology

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