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|Title:||Key skills for science learning: the importance of text cohesion and reading ability|
|Authors:||Hall, Sophie Susannah H|
Paterson, Kevin B.
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis (Routledge)|
|Citation:||Educational Psychology , 2016 Vol. 36(2), pp. 191 – 215|
|Abstract:||To explore the importance of text cohesion, we conducted two experiments. We measured online (reading times) and offline (comprehension accuracy) processes for texts that were high and low cohesion. In study one (n = 60), we manipulated referential cohesion using noun repetition (high cohesion) and synonymy (low cohesion). Students showed enhanced comprehension accuracy and faster comprehension responses for text that were high in referential cohesion. In study two (n = 52), we examined connective text designs (‘because’, ‘and’ and ‘no connective’). Students demonstrated enhanced reading times for text using a ‘because’ connective. Additionally, we examined the individual differences (reading ability, science self-concept and self-esteem) as predictors of achievement with science comprehension tasks. Across both experiments reading ability predicted comprehension with both high (noun-repetition text and ‘and’ text) and low cohesion text (synonym text and ‘no connective’ text). These findings highlight the importance of good reading abilities and text cohesion for promoting science comprehension and learning.|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2014, Taylor & Francis (Routledge). Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website. Following the embargo period this version is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ ), which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour|
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