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Title: Arctic and Antarctic polar mesosphere summer echoes observed with oblique incidence HF radars: analysis using simultaneous MF and VHF radar data
Authors: Ogawa, T.
Nozawa, S.
Tsutsumi, M.
Arnold, N. F.
Nishitani, N.
Sato, N.
Yukimatu, A. S.
First Published: 22-Dec-2004
Publisher: European Geosciences Union (EGU), Copernicus Publications, Springer Verlag (Germany)
Citation: Annales Geophysicae 22, 4049-4059, 2004
Abstract: Polar mesosphere summer echoes (PMSEs) have been well studied using vertical incidence VHF radars at northern high-latitudes. In this paper, two PMSE events detected with the oblique incidence SuperDARN HF radars at Hankasalmi, Finland (62.3° N) and Syowa Station, Antarctica (69.0° S), are analyzed, together with simultaneous VHF and medium-frequency (MF) radar data. Altitude resolutions of the HF radars in the mesosphere and the lower thermosphere are too poor to know exact PMSE altitudes. However, a comparison of Doppler velocity from the HF radar and neutral wind velocity from the MF radar shows that PMSEs at the HF band appeared at altitudes within 80-90km, which are consistent with those from previous vertical incidence HF-VHF radar results. The HF-VHF PMSE occurrences exhibit a semidiurnal behavior, as observed by other researchers. It is found that in one event, PMSEs occurred when westward semidiurnal winds with large amplitude at 85-88km altitudes attained a maximum. When the HF-VHF PMSEs were observed at distances beyond 180km from MF radar sites, the MF radars detected no appreciable signatures of echo enhancement.
DOI Link: 10.5194/angeo-22-4049-2004
ISSN: 0992-7689
eISSN: 1432-0576
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: © Author(s) 2004. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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