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Title: CUTLASS HF radar observations of high-velocity E-region echoes
Authors: Uspensky, M. V.
Koustov, A. V.
Eglitis, P.
Huuskonen, A.
Milan, S. E.
Pulkkinen, T.
Pirjola, R.
First Published: 30-Apr-2001
Publisher: European Geophysical Society
Citation: Annales Geophysicae, 2001, 19 (4), pp. 411-424
Abstract: A short event of high-velocity E-region echo observations by the Pykkvibaer HF radar is analysed to study echo parameters and the echo relation to the Farley-Buneman plasma instability. The echoes were detected in several beams aligned closely to the magnetic L-shell direction. Two echo groups were identified: one group corresponded to the classical type 1 echoes with velocities close to the nominal ionacoustic speed of 400 ms-1, while the other group had significantly larger velocities, of the order of 700 ms-1. The mutual relationship between the echo power, Doppler velocity, spectral width and elevation angles for these two groups was studied. Plotting of echo parameters versus slant range showed that all ∼700 ms-1 echoes originated from larger heights and distances of 500-700 km, while all ∼400 ms-1 echoes came from lower heights and from farther distances; 700-1000 km. We argue that both observed groups of echoes occurred due to the Farley-Buneman plasma instability excited by strong (∼70 mVm-1) and uniformly distributed electric fields. We show that the echo velocities for the two groups were different because the echoes were received from different heights. Such a separation of echo heights occurred due to the differing amounts of ionospheric refraction at short and large ranges. Thus, the ionospheric refraction and related altitude modulation of ionospheric parameters are the most important factors to consider, when various characteristics of E-region decametre irregularities are derived from HF radar measurements.
DOI Link: 10.5194/angeo-19-411-2001
ISSN: 0992-7689
eISSN: 1432-0576
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © Author(s) 2001. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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