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Title: Super Dual Auroral Radar Network observations of fluctuations in the spectral distribution of near range meteor echoes in the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere
Authors: Arnold, N. F.
Robinson, T. R.
Lester, Mark
Byrne, P. B.
Chapman, P. J.
First Published: 30-Apr-2001
Publisher: European Geophysical Society
Citation: Annales Geophysicae, 2001, 19 (4), pp. 425-434 (10)
Abstract: The Doppler shifts of meteor echoes measured by the SuperDARN HF radar network have been used in several studies to observe neutral winds in the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere region. In the absence of accurate height information for individual meteors, it has been necessary to assume a statistical mean meteor layer where the variations in altitude were not correlated to changes in the horizontal winds. Observations of spectral width distribution variations made by the radars allow an independent determination of the systematic error in the height. We have investigated the dependence of this distribution on a number of factors including the radar geometry, diurnal and seasonal cycles, variations in solar UV irradiance and geomagnetic activity. Changes in the altitude of the mean meteor layer observed at different radar ranges provide us with some insight into the structure of the upper mesosphere and the lower thermosphere within which the meteors are being ablated. An examination of the spectral widths, as measured by the CUT-LASS Finland radar, in the days preceding and following a Storm Sudden Commencement in April 1997, illustrates how the spectral properties of the observed region can be affected. The variations in the widths were consistent with model calculations of the changes to the temperature profile over this interval. Further refinements in the determination of the spectral width are outlined for future experiments.
DOI Link: 10.5194/angeo-19-425-2001
ISSN: 0992-7689
eISSN: 1432-0576
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © Author(s) 2001. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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