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Title: Sedentary behaviour as a new behavioural target in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes
Authors: Henson, Joseph
Dunstan, D. W.
Davies, Melanie J.
Yates, Thomas
First Published: 26-Jan-2016
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, 2016, 32 Suppl 1, pp. 213-220
Abstract: Our modern day society encompasses an ecological niche in which sedentary behaviour, labour-saving devices and energy dense foods have become the new reference of living. We now spend more time sedentary, defined as sitting, than in all other activities combined. It has recently been confirmed that the consequences of our modern chair dependency are substantial and a direct contributing factor to the ever increasing epidemic of chronic diseases witnessed within industrialized environments. Epidemiological evidence - from both cross-sectional and prospective observational studies - has indicated that the time spent in sedentary behaviour is a distinct risk factor for several health outcomes, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality, depression and some types of cancer. Importantly, these detrimental associations remain even after accounting for time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, with the strongest and most persistent associations seen between sedentary time and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Importantly, experimental studies have started to confirm the observational associations, with mounting evidence showing that breaking prolonged sitting time with light ambulation is an effective strategy for improving postprandial glucose regulation. Indeed, there is even emerging evidence showing that simply substituting sitting for standing regularly throughout the day may be of sufficient stimulus to improve glucose regulation. We highlight some of the key definitions, issues and evidence underpinning the link between sedentary behaviour and chronic disease in order to better inform clinicians and patients about the importance of incorporating reduced sitting time into type 2 diabetes mellitus management and prevention pathways. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
DOI Link: 10.1002/dmrr.2759
ISSN: 1520-7552
eISSN: 1520-7560
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Henson, J., Dunstan, D. W., Davies, M. J., and Yates, T. (2016) Sedentary behaviour as a new behavioural target in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Metab Res Rev, 32: 213–220, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Description: The file associated with this record is under a 12-month embargo from publication in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences

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