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|Title:||A statistical study of magnetospheric ion composition along the geomagnetic field using the Cluster spacecraft for L values between 5.9 and 9.5|
|Authors:||Sandhu, Jasmine K.|
Yeoman, Timothy K.
Fear, R. C.
|Publisher:||American Geophysical Union|
|Citation:||Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics|
|Abstract:||Using ion density data obtained by the CODIF instrument on-board the Cluster spacecraft, for the interval spanning 2001 - 2005, an empirical model describing the average ion mass distribution along closed geomagnetic field lines is determined. The empirical model describes the region spanning 5.9 ≤ L < 9.5, with dependences on L shell and MLT (Magnetic Local Time) included, and represents ions in the energy range of 0.025 to 40 keV/charge. The data reduction process involves the identification and rejection of CODIF data contaminated by penetrating energetic radiation belt particles, found to frequently occur for L < 5.9. Furthermore, a comparison of data with observations of the cold plasma population in the region provides evidence that the CODIF dataset is representative of the full plasma population. The variations in average ion mass along the field lines were modelled using a power law form, which maximises towards the magnetic equatorial plane, with observed power law index values ranging between approximately -2.0 to 0.0. The resulting model illustrates some key features of the average ion mass spatial distribution, such as an average ion mass enhancement at low L in the evening sector, indicating the transport of high latitude heavy ion outflows to the closed inner magnetosphere.|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2016, The authors. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. .|
|Description:||The Post-review version is under permanent embargo.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy|
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|jgra52464.pdf||Published (publisher PDF)||2.36 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
|SpacePhysAccepted.pdf||Post-review (final submitted)||2.35 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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