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Title: Space Telescope and Optical Reverberation Mapping Project. IV. Anomalous behavior of the broad ultraviolet emission lines in NGC 5548.
Authors: Goad, M. R.
Korista, K. T.
De Rosa, G.
Kriss, G. A.
Edelson, R.
Barth, A. J.
Ferland, G. J.
Kochanek, C. S.
Netzer, H.
Peterson, B. M.
Bentz, M. C.
Bisogni, S.
Crenshaw, D. M.
Denney, K. D.
Ely, J.
Fausnaugh, M. M.
Grier, C. J.
Gupta, A.
Horne, K. D.
Kaastra, J.
Pancoast, A.
Pei, L.
Pogge, R. W.
Skielboe, A.
Starkey, D.
Vestergaard, M.
Zu, Y.
Anderson, M. D.
Arévalo, P.
Bazhaw, C.
Borman, G. A.
Boroson, T. A.
Bottorff, M. C.
Brandt, W. N.
Breeveld, A. A.
Brewer, B. J.
Cackett, E. M.
Carini, M. T.
Croxall, K. V.
Dalla Bontà, E.
De Lorenzo-Cáceres, A.
Dietrich, M.
Efimova, N. V.
Evans, P. A.
Filippenko, A. V.
Flatland, K.
Gehrels, N.
Geier, S.
Gelbord, J. M.
Gonzalez, L.
Gorjian, V.
Grupe, D.
Hall, P. B.
Hicks, S.
Horenstein, D.
Hutchison, T.
Im, M.
Jensen, J. J.
Joner, M. D.
Jones, J.
Kaspi, S.
Kelly, B. C.
Kennea, J. A.
Kim, M.
Kim, S. C.
Klimanov, S. A.
Larionov, V. M.
Lee, J. C.
Leonard, D. C.
Lira, P.
MacInnis, F.
Manne-Nicholas, E. R.
Mathur, S.
McHardy, I. M.
Montouri, C.
Musso, R.
Nazarov, S. V.
Norris, R. P.
Nousek, J. A.
Okhmat, D. N.
Papadakis, I.
Parks, J. R.
Pott, J.-U.
Rafter, S. E.
Rix, H.-W.
Saylor, D. A.
Schimoia, J. S.
Schnülle, K.
Sergeev, S. G.
Siegel, M.
Spencer, M.
Sung, H.-I.
Teems, K. G.
Treu, T.
Turner, C. S.
Uttley, P.
Villfoth, C.
Weiss, Y.
Woo, J.-H.
Yan, H.
Young, S.
Zheng, W.-K.
First Published: 2016
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
Citation: Astrophysical Journal Letters
Abstract: During an intensive Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) UV monitoring campaign of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 5548 performed from 2014 February to July, the normally highly correlated far-UV continuum and broad emission-line variations decorrelated for ∼ 60–70 days, starting ∼ 75 days after the first HST/COS observation. Following this anomalous state, the flux and variability of the broad emission lines returned to a more normal state. This transient behavior, characterised by significant deficits in flux and equivalent width of the strong broad UV emission lines, is the first of its kind to be unambiguously identified in an active galactic nucleus reverberation mapping campaign. The largest corresponding emission-line flux deficits occurred for the high-ionization collisionally excited lines, C iv and Si iv(+O iv]), and also He ii(+O iii]), while the anomaly in Lyα was substantially smaller. This pattern of behavior indicates a depletion in the flux of photons with Eph > 54 eV, relative to those near 13.6 eV. We suggest two plausible mechanisms for the observed behavior: (i) temporary obscuration of the ionizing continuum incident upon BLR clouds by a moving veil of material lying between the inner accretion disk and inner BLR, perhaps resulting from an episodic ejection of material from the disk, or (ii) a temporary change in the intrinsic ionizing continuum spectral energy distribution resulting in a deficit of ionizing photons with energies > 54 eV, possibly due to a transient restructuring of the Comptonizing atmosphere above the disk. Current evidence appears to favor the latter explanation
ISSN: 2041-8205
eISSN: 2041-8213
Links: TBA
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Creative Commons “Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives” licence CC BY-NC-ND, further details of which can be found via the following link:
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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