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|Title:||Epidemiology of autism in adults across age groups and ability levels|
|Authors:||Brugha, Traolach S.|
Scott, Fiona J.
|Publisher:||Royal College of Psychiatrists|
|Citation:||British Journal of Psychiatry, 2016, 209 (6), pp. 498-503|
|Abstract:||Background: The epidemiology of autism in adults has relied on untested projections using childhood research. Aims: To derive representative estimates of the prevalence of autism and key associations in adults of all ages and ability levels. Method: Comparable clinical diagnostic assessments of 7274 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey participants combined with a population case-register survey of 290 adults with intellectual disability. Results: The combined prevalence of autism in adults of all ages in England was 11/1000 (95% CI 3–19/1000). It was higher in those with moderate to profound intellectual disability (odds ratio (OR) = 63.5, 95% CI 27.4–147.2). Male gender was a strong predictor of autism only in those with no or mild intellectual disability (adjusted OR = 8.5, 95% CI 2.0–34.9; interaction with gender, P = 0.03). Conclusions: Few adults with autism have intellectual disability; however, autism is more prevalent in this population. Autism measures may miss more women with autism.|
|Embargo on file until:||7-Jul-2017|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2016, Royal College of Psychiatrists. All rights reserved. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.|
|Description:||The file associated with this record is under a 12-month embargo from publication in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Health Sciences|
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|BJP-2015-174649v2-Brugha-Resubmission-131215.pdf||Post-review (final submitted)||144.83 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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