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Title: Towards roughness-based drag reduction in cross-flow dominated flows
Authors: Garrett, Sephen J.
Cooper, A. J.
Ozkan, M.
Thomas, P. J.
First Published: 10-Apr-2016
Presented at: The 16th International Symposium on Transport Phenomena and Dynamics of Rotating Machinery (ISROMAC 16), Honolulu, HI, USA
Start Date: 10-Apr-2016
End Date: 15-Apr-2016
Citation: Garrett, S.J.; Cooper, A.J. et. al., Towards roughness-based drag reduction in cross-flow dominated flows, ISROMAC 16, Honolulu, 2016
Abstract: Recent theoretical results are presented from our ongoing study investigating the distinct convective instability properties of the boundary-layer flow over rough rotating disks. In this study, radial anisotropic surface roughness (concentric grooves) is modelled using the partial-slip approach of Miklavčič & Wang (2004) and the surface-geometry approach of Yoon et. Al (2007). An energy analysis reveals that for both instability modes, the main contributors to the energy balance are the energy production by the Reynolds stresses and conventional viscous dissipation. For the Type I mode, energy dissipation increases and the Reynolds-stress energy production decreases with roughness under both models. This suggests a clear stabilising effect of the anisotropic roughness on the Type I mode. For the Type II mode, the Reynolds-stress energy production increases with roughness under both models. However, the energy dissipation of the Type II mode decreases with the roughness under the surface-geometry model and increases under the partial-slip model. This sensitivity to the precise form of the anisotropic roughness suggests that maximising dissipation by an appropriately designed roughness can theoretically lead to an overall beneficial stabilisation of both the Type I and Type II modes. This is a potential route to overall boundary-layer-transition delay and drag reduction in cross-flow dominated flows.
Embargo on file until: 1-Jan-10000
Version: Post-print
Type: Conference Paper
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2016. After embargo this will be an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License ( ), which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Description: This paper is under embargo as it has been submitted for publication to European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids. If accepted the file associated with this record is embargoed until 24 months after the date of publication.
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers & Presentations, Dept. of Mathematics

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