Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2381/37808
Title: Patterns of Environmental Coverage in Omani Newspapers: A Constructionist Study of News Frames and Production Influences
Authors: Al Foori, Rahma Abdullah Mohamed
Supervisors: Hansen, Anders
Reilly, Paul
Award date: 18-Mar-2016
Presented at: University of Leicester
Abstract: This thesis investigated the magnitude, type and framing of environmental coverage in Oman and Alwatan newspapers. In addition, the influences (e.g. cultural, political and organizational) on the scale, type and framing of environmental issues on the macro and micro levels of production were examined. Social constructionism’s acknowledgment of societal forces in influencing news production, and the ability of media content to construct an understanding of environmental problems, guided the examination of content and production. The theoretical contribution of this study to the literature is providing a framework that interwove constructionism-friendly concepts upon which a mixed-methods framework comprising content analysis, framing analysis, interviews and observation to address the research questions. It was found that privately-owned Alwatan covered more environmental issues in general than government-owned Oman. Natural disaster was the most prominent problem. The prominence of local news unveiled the dominance and therefore the variables of time and space in which these problems were contextualised, which shows why context matters. Thus, the reporting of environmental issues was situational due to contextual differences which were governed by societal forces. The coverage was event-oriented, spontaneous, sporadic and produced without specialised journalists. Officials were positively presented to give an impression of legitimacy and invoking action. Attribution of responsibility frame dominated the coverage. The second most prominent frame, human interest showed how emotive language (i.e. text and visuals) was apparent in the coverage. Journalists used visuals to authenticate environmental reporting. Morality frame was used as a source of comfort and authority. Conflict frame was tactfully avoided when it was perceived by journalists as threatening to the country. As much as journalists demonstrated their active agency in addressing environmental issues, they reflected on how these influences can be a source of either appreciation or resistance.
Links: http://hdl.handle.net/2381/37808
Type: Thesis
Level: Doctoral
Qualification: PhD
Rights: Copyright © the author. All rights reserved.
Appears in Collections:Theses, Dept. of Media and Communication
Leicester Theses

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