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Title: Modulation of the substorm current wedge by bursty bulk flows: 8 September 2002—Revisited
Authors: Palin, L.
Opgenoorth, H. J.
Ågren, K.
Zivkovic, T.
Sergeev, V. A.
Kubyshkina, M. V.
Nikolaev, A.
Kauristie, K.
van de Kamp, M.
Amm, O.
Milan, Stephen Eric
Imber, S. M.
Facskó, G.
Palmroth, M.
Nakamura, R.
First Published: 2-May-2016
Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Citation: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2016, 121 (5), pp. 4466-4482
Abstract: The ultimate formation mechanism of the substorm current wedge (SCW) remains to date unclear. In this study, we investigate its relationship to plasma flows at substorm onset and throughout the following expansion phase. We revisit the case of 8 September 2002, which has been defined as “one of the best textbook examples of a substorm” because of its excellent coverage by both spacecraft in the magnetotail and ground-based observatories. We found that a dense sequence of arrival of nightside flux transfer events (NFTEs; which can be understood as the lobe magnetic signature due to a bursty bulk flow travelling earthward in the central plasma sheet) in the near-Earth tail leads to a modulation (and further step-like builtup) of the SCW intensity during the substorm expansion phase. In addition, we found that small SCWs are created also during the growth phase of the event in association with another less intense sequence of NFTEs. The differences between the sequence of NFTEs in the growth and expansion phase are discussed. We conclude that the envelope of the magnetic disturbances which we typically refer to as an intense magnetic substorm is the result of a group or sequence of more intense and more frequent NFTEs.
DOI Link: 10.1002/2015JA022262
ISSN: 2169-9380
eISSN: 2169-9402
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2016, American Geophysical Union. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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