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|Title:||Type II endoleaks: challenges and solutions.|
Saggu, Greta K.
Bown, Matthew J.
Sayers, Robert D.
Sidloff, David A.
|Publisher:||Dove Medical Press|
|Citation:||Vascular Health and Risk Management, 2016, 12, pp. 53-63|
|Abstract:||Type II endoleaks are the most common endovascular complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR); however, there has been a divided opinion regarding their significance in EVAR. Some advocate a conservative approach unless there is clear evidence of sac expansion, while others maintain early intervention is best to prevent adverse late outcomes such as rupture. There is a lack of level-one evidence in this challenging group of patients, and due to a low event rate of complications, large numbers of patients would be required in well-designed trials to fully understand the natural history of type II endoleak. This review will discuss the imaging, management, and outcome of patients with isolated type II endoleaks following infra-renal EVAR.|
|Rights:||Copyright © the authors, 2016. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium non-commercially, provided the original author and source are credited.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences|
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