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Title: Type II endoleaks: challenges and solutions.
Authors: Brown, Andrew
Saggu, Greta K.
Bown, Matthew J.
Sayers, Robert D.
Sidloff, David A.
First Published: 2-Mar-2016
Publisher: Dove Medical Press
Citation: Vascular Health and Risk Management, 2016, 12, pp. 53-63
Abstract: Type II endoleaks are the most common endovascular complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR); however, there has been a divided opinion regarding their significance in EVAR. Some advocate a conservative approach unless there is clear evidence of sac expansion, while others maintain early intervention is best to prevent adverse late outcomes such as rupture. There is a lack of level-one evidence in this challenging group of patients, and due to a low event rate of complications, large numbers of patients would be required in well-designed trials to fully understand the natural history of type II endoleak. This review will discuss the imaging, management, and outcome of patients with isolated type II endoleaks following infra-renal EVAR.
DOI Link: 10.2147/VHRM.S81275
ISSN: 1176-6344
eISSN: 1178-2048
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2016. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium non-commercially, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences

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