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Title: Marked long-term decline in ambient CO mixing ratio in SE England, 1997-2014: evidence of policy success in improving air quality
Authors: Lowry, D.
Lanoiselle, M. E.
Fisher, R. E.
Martin, M.
Fowler, C. M. R.
France, J. L.
Hernandez-Paniagua, I. Y.
Novelli, P. C.
Sriskantharajah, S.
O'Brien, P.
Rata, N. D.
Holmes, C. W.
Fleming, Zoe L.
Clemitshaw, K. C.
Zazzeri, G.
Pommier, M.
McLinden, C. A.
Nisbet, E. G.
First Published: 23-May-2016
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Scientific Reports, 2016, 6:25661
Abstract: Atmospheric CO at Egham in SE England has shown a marked and progressive decline since 1997, following adoption of strict controls on emissions. The Egham site is uniquely positioned to allow both assessment and comparison of ‘clean Atlantic background’ air and CO-enriched air downwind from the London conurbation. The decline is strongest (approximately 50 ppb per year) in the 1997–2003 period but continues post 2003. A ‘local CO increment’ can be identified as the residual after subtraction of contemporary background Atlantic CO mixing ratios from measured values at Egham. This increment, which is primarily from regional sources (during anticyclonic or northerly winds) or from the European continent (with easterly air mass origins), has significant seasonality, but overall has declined steadily since 1997. On many days of the year CO measured at Egham is now not far above Atlantic background levels measured at Mace Head (Ireland). The results are consistent with MOPITT satellite observations and ‘bottom-up’ inventory results. Comparison with urban and regional background CO mixing ratios in Hong Kong demonstrates the importance of regional, as opposed to local reduction of CO emission. The Egham record implies that controls on emissions subsequent to legislation have been extremely successful in the UK.
DOI Link: 10.1038/srep25661
ISSN: 2045-2322
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2016. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Chemistry

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