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Title: Violence and Birth Outcomes: Evidence from Homicides in Brazil
Authors: Foureaux Koppensteiner, Martin
Manacorda, Marco
First Published: 28-Nov-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Development Economics, 2016, 119, pp. 16-33
Abstract: This paper uses microdata from Brazilian vital statistics on births and deaths between 2000 and 2010 to estimate the impact of in-utero exposure to local violence – measured by homicide rates – on birth outcomes. The estimates show that exposure to violence during the first trimester of pregnancy leads to a small but precisely estimated increase in the risk of low birthweight and prematurity. Effects are found both in small municipalities, where homicides are rare, and in large municipalities, where violence is endemic, and are particularly pronounced among children of poorly educated mothers, implying that violence compounds the disadvantage that these children already suffer as a result of their households' lower socioeconomic status.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.11.003
ISSN: 0304-3878
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © Elsevier, 2016. This version of the article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License ( ), which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Description: Following the embargo period the above license applies.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Economics

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