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Title: Contemporary characteristics of blunt abdominal trauma in a regional series from the UK
Authors: Pande, R.
Saratzis, Athanasios
Winter Beatty, J.
Doran, C.
Kirby, R.
Harmston, C.
First Published: 4-Aug-2016
Publisher: Royal College of Surgeons of England
Citation: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 2017, 99 (1), pp. 82-87
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) is a common injury in recent trauma series. The characteristics of patients with BAT have changed following the reconfiguration of UK trauma services. The aim of this study was to build a new profile for BAT patients undergoing immediate or delayed laparotomy. METHODS: All 5,401 consecutive adults presenting with major trauma between April 2012 and April 2014 in the 3 major trauma centres in the West Midlands were analysed to identify all patients with BAT. A total of 2,793 patients with a mechanism of injury or symptomatology consistent with BAT were identified (52%). Outcomes were analysed using local electronic clinical results systems and notes. RESULTS: Of the 2,793 patients, 179 (6.4%) had a mesenteric or hollow viscus injury, 168 (6.0%) had a hepatobiliary injury, 149 (5.4%) had a splenic injury and 46 (1.6%) had a vascular injury. Overall, 103 patients (3.7%) underwent an early (<12 hours) laparotomy while 30 (1.1%) underwent a delayed (>12 hours) laparotomy. Twenty (66.7%) of those undergoing a delayed laparotomy had a hollow viscus injury. In total, 170 deaths occurred among the BAT patients (6.1%). In the early laparotomy group, 53 patients died (51.5%) whereas in the delayed laparotomy group, 6 patients died (20.0%). CONCLUSIONS: This series has attempted to provide the characteristics of patients with BAT in a large contemporary UK cohort. BAT was found to be a common type of injury. Early and delayed laparotomy occurred in 3.7% and 1.1% of these patients respectively, mostly because of hollow viscus injury in both cases. Outcomes were comparable with those in the international literature from regions with mature trauma services.
DOI Link: 10.1308/rcsann.2016.0223
ISSN: 0035-8843
eISSN: 1478-7083
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2016, Royal College of Surgeons of England. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.
Description: The file associated with this record is under a 12 month embargo from publication in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences

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