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Title: Looking bad: Inferring criminality after 100 ms
Authors: Klatt, T.
Maltby, John J.
Humphries, J. E.
Smailes, Harriet L.
Ryder, Hannah
Phelps, M.
Flowe, H. D.
First Published: 12-Dec-2016
Citation: Applied Psychology in Criminal Justice, 2016, 12(2), pp. 114-125.
Abstract: Research finds we make spontaneous trait inferences from facial appearance, even after brief exposures to a face (i.e., ≤ 100 ms). We examined spontaneous impressions of criminality from facial appearance, testing whether these impressions persist after repeated presentation (i.e., one to three exposures) and increased exposure duration (100, 500, or 1000 ms) to the face. Judgement confidence and response times were recorded. Other participants viewed the faces for an unlimited period of time, rating trustworthiness dominance, and criminal appearance. We found evidence that participants spontaneously make criminal appearance attributions. These inferences persisted with repeated presentation and increased exposure duration, were related to trustworthiness and dominance ratings, and were made with high confidence. Implications are discussed.
ISSN: 1550-3550
eISSN: 1550-4409
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: APCJ (electronic version) is free to individuals and institutions. Copies of this journal or articles in this journal may be distributed for research or educational purposes without charge, provided that all appropriate citation information is included.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour

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