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Title: Transnational Histories of Penal Transportation: Punishment, Labour and Governance in the British Imperial World, 1788–1939
Authors: Anderson, Clare
First Published: 31-Aug-2016
Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Citation: Australian Historical Studies, 2016, 47 (3), pp. 381-397
Abstract: From the seventeenth to twentieth centuries, approximately 380,000 transportation convicts journeyed to and around locations across the British Empire. This article explores the scale, reach and significance of these convict flows in the period after 1788, arguing for a transnational history of penal transportation in the Australian colonies and Indian Ocean. It quantifies convict numbers, and maps convict destinations, providing comparative data on their intra-imperial character to construct a new cartography of criminal justice and Empire. Focusing on Asian convict flows, this enables an articulation of the relationship between transportation, population management and repression, as well as other forms of coerced labour migration, including African and Asian enslavement and indenture. The history of penal transportation proposed here thus moves beyond an exploration of its role in the outward metropolitan expansion of Empire, and towards an appreciation of its importance in labour extraction and governance within the larger imperial world.
DOI Link: 10.1080/1031461X.2016.1203962
ISSN: 1031-461X
eISSN: 1940-5049
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2016. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, School of Historical Studies

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