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Title: Design of nucleotide-mimetic and non-nucleotide inhibitors of the translation initiation factor eIF4E: Synthesis, structural and functional characterisation.
Authors: Soukarieh, F.
Nowicki, M. W.
Bastide, A.
Pöyry, Tuija
Jones, Carolyn
Dudek, Kate
Patwardhan, G.
Meullenet, F.
Oldham, N. J.
Walkinshaw, Malcolm D.
Willis, Anne E.
Fischer, P. M.
First Published: 24-Aug-2016
Publisher: Elsevier, French Société de Chimie Thérapeutique (SCT)
Citation: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2016, 124, pp. 200-217
Abstract: Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) is considered as the corner stone in the cap-dependent translation initiation machinery. Its role is to recruit mRNA to the ribosome through recognition of the 5'-terminal mRNA cap structure (m(7)GpppN, where G is guanosine, N is any nucleotide). eIF4E is implicated in cell transformation, tumourigenesis, and angiogenesis by facilitating translation of oncogenic mRNAs; it is thus regarded as an attractive anticancer drug target. We have used two approaches to design cap-binding inhibitors of eIF4E by modifying the N(7)-substituent of m(7)GMP and replacing the phosphate group with isosteres such as squaramides, sulfonamides, and tetrazoles, as well as by structure-based virtual screening aimed at identifying non-nucleotide cap-binding antagonists. Phosphomimetic nucleotide derivatives and highly ranking virtual hits were evaluated in a series of in vitro and cell-based assays to identify the first non-nucleotide eIF4E cap-binding inhibitor with activities in cell-based assays, N-[(5,6-dihydro-6-oxo-1,3-dioxolo[4,5-g]quinolin-7-yl)methyl]-N'-(2-methyl-propyl)-N-(phenyl-methyl)thiourea (14), including down-regulation of oncogenic proteins and suppression of RNA incorporation into polysomes. Although we did not observe cellular activity with any of our modified m(7)GMP phosphate isostere compounds, we obtained X-ray crystallography structures of three such compounds in complex with eIF4E, 5'-deoxy-5'-(1,2-dioxo-3-hydroxycyclobut-3-en-4-yl)amino-N(7)-methyl-guanosine (4a), N(7)-3-chlorobenzyl-5'-deoxy-5'-(1,2-dioxo-3-hydroxy-cyclobut-3-en-4-yl)amino-guanosine (4f), and N(7)-benzyl-5'-deoxy-5'-(trifluoromethyl-sulfamoyl)guanosine (7a). Collectively, the data we present on structure-based design of eIF4E cap-binding inhibitors should facilitate the optimisation of such compounds as potential anticancer agents.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2016.08.047
ISSN: 0223-5234
eISSN: 1768-3254
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Description: PDB ID codes 5EI3, 5EIR, 5EKV, 5EHC.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Molecular and Cell Biology

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