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|Title:||Stoichiometries of U2AF35, U2AF65 and U2 snRNP reveal new early spliceosome assembly pathways.|
Eperon, Lucy P.
Hudson, Andrew J.
Eperon, Ian C.
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press (OUP)|
|Citation:||Nucleic Acids Research, 2016|
|Abstract:||The selection of 3' splice sites (3'ss) is an essential early step in mammalian RNA splicing reactions, but the processes involved are unknown. We have used single molecule methods to test whether the major components implicated in selection, the proteins U2AF35 and U2AF65 and the U2 snRNP, are able to recognize alternative candidate sites or are restricted to one pre-specified site. In the presence of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), all three components bind in a 1:1 stoichiometry with a 3'ss. Pre-mRNA molecules with two alternative 3'ss can be bound concurrently by two molecules of U2AF or two U2 snRNPs, so none of the components are restricted. However, concurrent occupancy inhibits splicing. Stoichiometric binding requires conditions consistent with coalescence of the 5' and 3' sites in a complex (I, initial), but if this cannot form the components show unrestricted and stochastic association. In the absence of ATP, when complex E forms, U2 snRNP association is unrestricted. However, if protein dephosphorylation is prevented, an I-like complex forms with stoichiometric association of U2 snRNPs and the U2 snRNA is base-paired to the pre-mRNA. Complex I differs from complex A in that the formation of complex A is associated with the loss of U2AF65 and 35.|
|Rights:||© The Author(s) 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.|
|Description:||Supplementary Data are available at NAR Online and attached to this record.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Molecular and Cell Biology|
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|Nucl. Acids Res.-2016-Chen-nar-gkw860.pdf||Published (publisher PDF)||1.2 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
|nar-01551-a-2016-File005.pdf||Published (publisher PDF)||36.51 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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