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Title: The Effects of Exercise and Sport in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients: A Review.
Authors: Neale, Jill
Smith, Alice C.
Bishop, Nicolette C.
First Published: 22-Aug-2016
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins for Asociación Médica Latinoamericana de Rehabilitación (AMLAR), Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP)
Citation: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2016
Abstract: Solid organ transplantation is the criterion standard treatment for many with end-organ failure and can offer a new independence from the burden of disease. However solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) remain at high risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease, and poor quality of life and physical functioning. Increasing physical activity and exercise can improve the health of the general population; however, the effects on those with a transplant remain unclear. Intensive exercise and sporting activity has the potential to be beneficial, although there remain concerns particularly around the effects on immune function and the CV system. This review summarizes what is known about the effects of exercise on determinants of health in SOTRs and then collates the available literature investigating the consequences of intensive exercise and sport on the health of SOTR. There is a paucity of high-quality research, with most evidence being case studies or anecdotal; this is understandable given the relatively few numbers of SOTRs who are performing sport and exercise at a high level. However, if suitable evidence-based guidelines are to be formed and SOTRs are to be given reassurances that their activity levels are not detrimental to their transplanted organ and overall health, then more high-quality studies are required.
DOI Link: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000000599
ISSN: 0894-9115
eISSN: 1537-7385
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Creative Commons “Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives” licence CC BY-NC-ND, further details of which can be found via the following link: Archived with reference to SHERPA/RoMEO and publisher website.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation

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