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Title: New horizons: the management of hypertension in people with dementia.
Authors: Harrison, J. K.
Van Der Wardt, V.
Conroy, Simon Paul
Stott, D. J.
Dening, T.
Gordon, A. L.
Logan, P.
Welsh, T. J.
Taggar, J.
Harwood, R.
Gladman, J. R. F.
First Published: 2016
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP) for British Geriatrics Society
Citation: Age and Ageing 2016; 45: 740–746
Abstract: The optimal management of hypertension in people with dementia is uncertain. This review explores if people with dementia experience greater adverse effects from antihypertensive medications, if cognitive function is protected or worsened by controlling blood pressure (BP) and if there are subgroups of people with dementia for whom antihypertensive therapy is more likely to be harmful. Robust evidence is scant, trials of antihypertensive medications have generally excluded those with dementia. Observational data show changes in risk association over the life course, with high BP being a risk factor for cognitive decline in mid-life, while low BP is predictive in later life. It is therefore possible that excessive BP lowering in older people with dementia might harm cognition. From the existing literature, there is no direct evidence of benefit or harm from treating hypertension in people with dementia. So what practical steps can the clinician take? Assess capacity, establish patient preferences when making treatment decisions, use ambulatory monitoring to thoroughly assess BP, individualise and consider deprescribing where side effects (e.g. hypotension) outweigh the benefits. Future research might include pragmatic randomised trials of targeted deprescribing, which include patient-centred outcome measures to help support decision-making and studies to address mechanistic uncertainties.
DOI Link: 10.1093/ageing/afw155
ISSN: 0002-0729
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Creative Commons “Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives” licence CC BY-NC-ND, further details of which can be found via the following link: Archived with reference to SHERPA/RoMEO and publisher website.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Health Sciences

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