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Title: Disruption of the talin gene compromises focal adhesion assembly in undifferentiated but not differentiated embryonic stem cells.
Authors: Priddle, H.
Hemmings, L.
Monkley, S.
Woods, A.
Patel, B.
Sutton, D.
Dunn, G. A.
Zicha, D.
Critchley, D. R.
First Published: 24-Aug-1998
Publisher: Rockefeller University Press
Citation: Journal of Cell Biology, 1998, 142 (4), pp. 1121-1133
Abstract: We have used gene disruption to isolate two talin (-/-) ES cell mutants that contain no intact talin. The undifferentiated cells (a) were unable to spread on gelatin or laminin and grew as rounded colonies, although they were able to spread on fibronectin (b) showed reduced adhesion to laminin, but not fibronectin (c) expressed much reduced levels of beta1 integrin, although levels of alpha5 and alphaV were wild-type (d) were less polarized with increased membrane protrusions compared with a vinculin (-/-) ES cell mutant (e) were unable to assemble vinculin or paxillin-containing focal adhesions or actin stress fibers on fibronectin, whereas vinculin (-/-) ES cells were able to assemble talin-containing focal adhesions. Both talin (-/-) ES cell mutants formed embryoid bodies, but differentiation was restricted to two morphologically distinct cell types. Interestingly, these differentiated talin (-/-) ES cells were able to spread and form focal adhesion-like structures containing vinculin and paxillin on fibronectin. Moreover, the levels of the beta1 integrin subunit were comparable to those in wild-type ES cells. We conclude that talin is essential for beta1 integrin expression and focal adhesion assembly in undifferentiated ES cells, but that a subset of differentiated cells are talin independent for both characteristics.
DOI Link: 10.1083/jcb.142.4.1121
ISSN: 0021-9525
eISSN: 1540-8140
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Creative Commons “Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives” licence CC BY-NC-ND, further details of which can be found via the following link: Archived with reference to SHERPA/RoMEO and publisher website.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Molecular and Cell Biology

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