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dc.contributor.authorSmith, D.-
dc.contributor.authorNayyar, K.-
dc.contributor.authorSchreve, D.-
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Richard-
dc.contributor.authorWhitehouse, N.-
dc.identifier.citationQuaternary International, 2014, 341, pp. 119-130en
dc.description.abstractWe present the results from two analogue studies that examine two aspects of dung beetle populations. Firstly, the degree to which the proportions of dung beetles in terrestrial faunas may reflect herd concentration is assessed by comparing modern sub-fossil faunas retrieved from a range of small ponds at Dunham Massey, Cheshire and Epping Forest in London. These studies suggest that it may be possible to use the proportions of ‘dung beetles’ recovered to differentiate high from low density grazing pressures in the palaeoentomological and archaeoentomological record. A second study examines the insect faunas recovered from modern samples of dung from a range of bovids, cervids, suids and equids, chosen to replicate, as closely as possible, Pleistocene taxa. These include the famous Chillingham cattle herd from Northumberland and herds of red deer, wild boar and Konik horses from Kent. When the numbers of individuals and the nature and range of beetles in the whole fauna are considered, it may be possible to differentiate between the dung of a range of different animals. A number of limitations with the present study, their implications and the future potential of this type of study are outlined.en
dc.description.sponsorshipOpen Access funded by Natural Environment Research Council. The work at Dunham Massey and Epping Forest was funded by NERC (NE/D007577/1, to Whitehouse and Smith), “Fossil insect remains as indicators of the primeval forest; a modern analogue approach”. Work at Wildwood, Stodmarsh and Chillingham was funded in part by the Institute for Archaeology and Antiquity and the College of Arts and Law, University of Birmingham. Danielle Schreve would also like to thank the Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) since this study makes a contribution to RGS Grant 1265.3839 Global Change and Sustainable European Landscape Management Project. The authors are grateful to all institutions for this support.en
dc.publisherElsevier for International Union for Quaternary Researchen
dc.rights2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
dc.titleCan dung beetles from the palaeoecological and archaeological record indicate herd concentration and the identity of herbivores?en
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher Versionen
pubs.organisational-group/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, ARTS AND HUMANITIESen
pubs.organisational-group/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, ARTS AND HUMANITIES/School of Archaeology and Ancient Historyen
pubs.organisational-group/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, ARTS AND HUMANITIES/School of Archaeology and Ancient History/Core Staffen
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