Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2381/39315
Title: Walking Away from Type 2 Diabetes: a cluster randomised controlled trial
Authors: Yates, Thomas
Edwardson, Charlotte L.
Henson, Joseph
Gray, Laura J.
Ashra, Nuzhat B.
Troughton, Jacqui
Khunti, Kamlesh
Davies, Melanie
First Published: 19-Oct-2016
Publisher: Wiley for Diabetes UK
Citation: Diabetic Medicine, 2016.
Abstract: Aims: This study aimed to investigate whether an established behavioural intervention, Walking Away from Type 2 Diabetes, is effective at promoting and sustaining increased walking activity when delivered within primary care. Methods: Cluster randomized controlled trial involving 10 general practices recruited from Leicestershire, UK, in 2009–2010. Eight hundred and eight (36% female) individuals with a high risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus, identified through a validated risk score, were included. Participants in five practices were randomized to Walking Away from Type 2 Diabetes, a pragmatic 3-h group-based structured education programme incorporating pedometer use with annual follow-on refresher sessions. The primary outcome was accelerometer assessed ambulatory activity (steps/day) at 12 months. Longer term maintenance was assessed at 24 and 36 months. Results were analysed using generalized estimating equation models, accounting for clustering. Results: Complete accelerometer data for the primary outcome were available for 571 (71%) participants. Increases in ambulatory activity of 411 steps/day [95% confidence interval (CI): 117, 704] and self-reported vigorous-intensity physical activity of 218 metabolic equivalent min/week (95% CI: 6, 425) at 12 months were observed in the intervention group compared with control; differences between groups were not sustained at 36 months. No differences between groups were observed for markers of cardiometabolic health. Replacing missing data with multiple imputation did not affect the results. Conclusions: A pragmatic low-resource group-based structured education programme with pedometer use resulted in modest increases in ambulatory activity compared with control conditions after 12 months when implemented within a primary care setting to those at high risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus; however, the results were not maintained over 36 months.
DOI Link: 10.1111/dme.13254
ISSN: 0742-3071
eISSN: 1464-5491
Links: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/dme.13254/abstract
http://hdl.handle.net/2381/39315
Embargo on file until: 19-Oct-2017
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2016. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ ), which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Description: The file associated with this record is embargoed until 12 months after the date of publication. The final published version may be available through the links above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Health Sciences

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