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Title: The relationship between biomarkers of fungal allergy and lung damage in asthma.
Authors: Woolnough, K. F.
Richardson, M.
Newby, C.
Craner, M.
Bourne, M.
Monteiro, W.
Siddiqui, S.
Bradding, P.
Pashley, C. H.
Wardlaw, A. J.
First Published: 2-Nov-2016
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Clinical and Experimental Allergy, 2017, 47 (1), pp. 48-56
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Immunological biomarkers are the key to the diagnosis of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) and fungal sensitisation, but how these relate to clinically relevant outcomes is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess how fungal immunological biomarkers are related to fixed airflow obstruction and radiological abnormalities in moderate to severe asthma. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 431 asthmatics. Inflammatory biomarkers, lung function and an IgE fungal panel to colonising filamentous fungi, yeasts and fungal aeroallergens were measured. CT scans were scored for the presence of radiological abnormalities. Factor analysis informed the variables used in a k-means cluster analysis. Fixed airflow obstruction and radiological abnormalities were then mapped to these immunological variables in the cluster analysis. RESULTS: 329 (76.3%) subjects were sensitised to ≥ 1 fungi. Sensitisation to Aspergillus fumigatus and/or Penicillium chrysogenum was associated with a lower post-bronchodilator FEV1 compared with those not sensitised to fungi ((73.0 (95% CI 70.2-76) vs. 82.8 (95% CI 78.5-87.2)% predicted, P < 0.001), independent of atopic status (P = 0.005)), and an increased frequency of bronchiectasis (54.5%, P < 0.001), tree-in-bud (18.7%, P < 0.001) and collapse/consolidation (37.5%, P = 0.002). Cluster analysis identified three clusters: (i) hypereosinophilic (n = 71, 16.5%), (ii) high immunological biomarker load and high frequency of radiological abnormalities (n = 34, 7.9%) and (iii) low levels of fungal immunological biomarkers (n = 326, 75.6%). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: IgE sensitisation to thermotolerant filamentous fungi, in particular A. fumigatus but not total IgE, is associated with fixed airflow obstruction and a number of radiological abnormalities in moderate to severe asthma. All patients with IgE sensitisation to A. fumigatus are at risk of lung damage irrespective of whether they meet the criteria for ABPA.
DOI Link: 10.1111/cea.12848
ISSN: 0954-7894
eISSN: 1365-2222
Embargo on file until: 2-Nov-2018
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2016, Wiley. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s open access archiving policy.
Description: The file associated with this record is under embargo until 12 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation

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