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|Title:||Testing Quantum Models of Conjunction Fallacy on the World Wide Web|
Arguëlles, Jonito A.
de Bianchi, Massimiliano S.
|Citation:||International Journal of Theoretical Physics, 2017, pp. 1-13|
|Abstract:||© 2017 Springer Science+Business Media New YorkThe ‘conjunction fallacy’ has been extensively debated by scholars in cognitive science and, in recent times, the discussion has been enriched by the proposal of modeling the fallacy using the quantum formalism. Two major quantum approaches have been put forward: the first assumes that respondents use a two-step sequential reasoning and that the fallacy results from the presence of ‘question order effects’; the second assumes that respondents evaluate the cognitive situation as a whole and that the fallacy results from the ‘emergence of new meanings’, as an ‘effect of overextension’ in the conceptual conjunction. Thus, the question arises as to determine whether and to what extent conjunction fallacies would result from ‘order effects’ or, instead, from ‘emergence effects’. To help clarify this situation, we propose to use the World Wide Web as an ‘information space’ that can be interrogated both in a sequential and non-sequential way, to test these two quantum approaches. We find that ‘emergence effects’, and not ‘order effects’, should be considered the main cognitive mechanism producing the observed conjunction fallacies.|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2017, Springer Verlag. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.|
|Description:||The file associated with this record is embargoed until 12 months after the date of publication. The final published version may be available through the links above.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, School of Management|
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|1609.07721v1.pdf||Post-review (final submitted author manuscript)||166.56 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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