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Title: The afterglow and early-type host galaxy of the short GRB 150101b at z=0.1343
Authors: Fong, W.
Margutti, R.
Chornock, R.
Berger, E.
Shappee, B. J.
Levan, A. J.
Tanvir, Nial R.
Smith, N.
Milne, P. A.
Laskar, T.
Fox, D. B.
Lunnan, R.
Blanchard, P. K.
Hjorth, J.
Wiersema, K.
van der Horst, A. J.
Zaritsky, D.
First Published: 14-Dec-2016
Publisher: American Astronomical Society and IOP Publishing
Citation: Astrophysical Journal, 2016, 833 (2)
Abstract: We present the discovery of the X-ray and optical afterglows of the short-duration GRB 150101B, pinpointing the event to an early-type host galaxy at z = 0.1343 ± 0.0030. This makes GRB 150101B the most nearby short gamma-ray burst (GRB) with an early-type host galaxy discovered to date. Fitting the spectral energy distribution of the host galaxy results in an inferred stellar mass of $\approx 7\times {10}^{10}\,{M}_{\odot }$, stellar population age of ≈2–2.5 Gyr, and star formation rate of lesssim0.4 M ⊙ yr−1. The host of GRB 150101B is one of the largest and most luminous short GRB host galaxies, with a B-band luminosity of $\approx 4.3{L}^{* }$ and half-light radius of ≈8 kpc. GRB 150101B is located at a projected distance of 7.35 ± 0.07 kpc from its host center and lies on a faint region of its host rest-frame optical light. Its location, combined with the lack of associated supernova, is consistent with an NS–NS/NS–BH merger progenitor. From modeling the evolution of the broadband afterglow, we calculate isotropic-equivalent gamma-ray and kinetic energies of $\approx 1.3\times {10}^{49}$ erg and $\approx (6\mbox{--}14)\times {10}^{51}$ erg, respectively, a circumburst density of $\approx (0.8\mbox{--}4)\times {10}^{-5}$ cm−3, and a jet opening angle of gsim9°. Using observations extending to ≈30 days, we place upper limits of $\lesssim (2\mbox{--}4)\times {10}^{41}$ erg s−1 on associated kilonova emission. We compare searches following previous short GRBs to existing kilonova models and demonstrate the difficulty of performing effective kilonova searches from cosmological short GRBs using current ground-based facilities. We show that at the Advanced LIGO/VIRGO horizon distance of 200 Mpc, searches reaching depths of ≈23–24 AB mag are necessary to probe a meaningful range of kilonova models.
DOI Link: 10.3847/1538-4357/833/2/151
ISSN: 0004-637X
eISSN: 1538-4357
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2016, The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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