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|Title:||Cardiovascular risk in patients with small abdominal aortic aneurysms|
Bown, Matthew J.
|Citation:||The Lancet, 2017, 389 (Supplement 1), pp. S89|
|Abstract:||Background: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a cardiovascular health problem. Ultrasound screening has been shown to reduce the risk of AAA-related, but not all-cause, mortality. The recent introduction of screening in several countries has meant that thousands of patients with a small AAA (<5·5cm) that does not require immediate treatment are diagnosed annually. We sought to investigate the cardiovascular profiles of patients with ectatic aortas and assess whether participation in screening reduces cardiovascular risk. Methods: We used three sets of data: from the National Health Service AAA Screening Programme (NAAASP) during the 2013–14 round that were linked with Health Episode Statistics (HES) (235 409 individuals); a subset of the Framingham Study population who had an abdominal CT scan in 2004–05 and were followed up for 10 years (1383 individuals); and data for patients with a small AAA who had been in surveillance for at least 1 year in the UK Aneurysm Growth Study (UKAGS) (384 individuals) or from a national UK audit (1538 individuals), to assess cardiovascular risk and events. Findings: In the linked NAAASP–HES cohort, cardiovascular mortality was 0·30% (95% CI 0·28–0·32) for individuals with an abdominal aortic diameter of less than 2·5 cm; 0·81% (0·51–1·11) for those between 2·5 and 2·9 cm; and 1·30% (0·90–1·71) for those less than 3·0 cm. Death from a cardiovascular event was more likely for individuals with a small AAA than for those without AAA (risk ratio 4·33, 95% CI 3·15–5·97). In the Framingham cohort, abdominal aortic diameter was independently associated with cardiovascular events (hazard ratio [HR] 1·1, 95% CI 1·02–1·18; p<0·0001). An abdominal aortic diameter of more than 2·5 cm was also associated with cardiovascular events (HR 7·6, 95% CI 5·1–11·3; p<0·0001). In the UKAGS and audit populations, patients were not more likely to take antiplatelet agents or statins after entering screening surveillance; cholesterol concentrations and blood pressure also increased. Interpretation: In these contemporary large cohorts of patients with small AAA, cardiovascular events and death were common and were the leading cause of death. The implication is that patients are not more likely to receive cardiovascular protection if they enter screening or surveillance with existing protocols. Cardiovascular risk reduction interventions should be implemented in screening programmes in the future.|
|Rights:||Copyright © Elsevier 2017. After an embargo period this version of the paper will be an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.|
The file associated with this record is under embargo until 6 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences|
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|AMS_Spring_meeting_2016_Saratzis_UKAGS_Framingham_Cardiovascular_events.pdf||Post-review (final submitted author manuscript)||80.11 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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