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Title: Context and interference effects in the combinations of natural concepts
Authors: Aerts, Diederik
Aerts, Jonito
Beltran, Lester
Distrito, Isaac
De Bianchi, Massimiliano Sassoli
Sozzo, Sandro
Veloz, Tomas
First Published: 4-May-2017
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
Citation: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2017, volume 10257 LNAI, pp. 677-690
Abstract: The mathematical formalism of quantum theory exhibits significant effectiveness when applied to cognitive phenomena that have resisted traditional (set theoretical) modeling. Relying on a decade of research on the operational foundations of micro-physical and conceptual entities, we present a theoretical framework for the representation of concepts and their conjunctions and disjunctions that uses the quantum formalism. This framework provides a unified solution to the ‘conceptual combinations problem’ of cognitive psychology, explaining the observed deviations from classical (Boolean, fuzzy set and Kolmogorovian) structures in terms of genuine quantum effects. In particular, natural concepts ‘interfere’ when they combine to form more complex conceptual entities, and they also exhibit a ‘quantum-type context-dependence’, which are responsible of the ‘over- and under-extension’ that are systematically observed in experiments on membership judgments.
DOI Link: 10.1007/978-3-319-57837-8_54
ISSN: 0302-9743
eISSN: 1611-3349
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2017, Springer Verlag (Germany). Deposited with reference to the publisher’s open access archiving policy.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, School of Management

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