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Title: Evidence for shear-mediated Ca(2+) entry through mechanosensitive cation channels in human platelets and a megakaryocytic cell line.
Authors: Ilkan, Zeki
Wright, Joy R.
Goodall, Alison H.
Gibbins, Jonathan M.
Jones, Chris I.
Mahaut-Smith, Martyn P.
First Published: 2-Jun-2017
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Citation: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2017, 292 (22), pp. 9204-9217
Abstract: The role of mechanosensitive (MS) Ca(2+)-permeable ion channels in platelets is unclear, despite the importance of shear stress in platelet function and life-threatening thrombus formation. We therefore sought to investigate the expression and functional relevance of MS channels in human platelets. The effect of shear stress on Ca(2+) entry in human platelets and Meg-01 megakaryocytic cells loaded with Fluo-3 was examined by confocal microscopy. Cells were attached to glass coverslips within flow chambers that allowed applications of physiological and pathological shear stress. Arterial shear (1002.6 s(-1)) induced a sustained increase in [Ca(2+)] i in Meg-01 cells and enhanced the frequency of repetitive Ca(2+) transients by 80% in platelets. These Ca(2+) increases were abrogated by the MS channel inhibitor Grammostola spatulata mechanotoxin 4 (GsMTx-4) or by chelation of extracellular Ca(2+) Thrombus formation was studied on collagen-coated surfaces using DiOC6-stained platelets. In addition, [Ca(2+)] i and functional responses of washed platelet suspensions were studied with Fura-2 and light transmission aggregometry, respectively. Thrombus size was reduced 50% by GsMTx-4, independently of P2X1 receptors. In contrast, GsMTx-4 had no effect on collagen-induced aggregation or on Ca(2+) influx via TRPC6 or Orai1 channels and caused only a minor inhibition of P2X1-dependent Ca(2+) entry. The Piezo1 agonist, Yoda1, potentiated shear-dependent platelet Ca(2+) transients by 170%. Piezo1 mRNA transcripts and protein were detected with quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively, in both platelets and Meg-01 cells. We conclude that platelets and Meg-01 cells express the MS cation channel Piezo1, which may contribute to Ca(2+) entry and thrombus formation under arterial shear.
DOI Link: 10.1074/jbc.M116.766196
ISSN: 0021-9258
eISSN: 1083-351X
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2017. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Molecular and Cell Biology

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