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Title: Aging and the Optimal Viewing Position Effect in Visual Word Recognition: Evidence from English
Authors: Li, Lin
Li, Sha
Wang, Jingxin
McGowan, Victoria A.
Liu, Pingping
Jordan, Timothy R.
Paterson, Kevin B.
First Published: 13-Apr-2017
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Citation: Psychology and Aging, 2017, 32 (4), pp. 367-376
Abstract: Words are recognized most efficiently by young adults when fixated at an optimal viewing position (OVP), which for English is between a word’s beginning and middle letters. How this OVP effect changes with age is unknown but may differ for older adults due to visual declines in later life. Accordingly, a lexical decision experiment was conducted in which short (5-letter) and long (9-letter) words were fixated at various letter positions. The older adults produced slower responses. But, crucially, effects of fixation location for each word-length did not differ substantially across age groups, indicating that OVP effects are preserved in older age.
DOI Link: 10.1037/pag0000163
ISSN: 0882-7974
eISSN: 1939-1498
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2017. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour

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