Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2381/40176
Title: Multi-Centre Study on Cardiovascular Risk Management on Patients Undergoing AAA Surveillance
Authors: Saratzis, Athanasios
Dattani, N.
Brown, A.
Shalhoub, J.
Bosanquet, D.
Sidloff, D.
Stather, P.
Vascular and Endovascular Research Network (VERN)
First Published: 26-May-2017
Publisher: Elsevier for European Society for Vascular Surgery
Citation: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 2017, 54 (1), pp. 116-122
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The risk of cardiovascular events and death in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is high. Screening has been introduced to reduce AAA related mortality; however, after AAA diagnosis, cardiovascular modification may be as important to patient outcomes as surveillance. The aim of this study was to assess cardiovascular risk reduction in patients with small AAA. METHODS: Institutional approval was granted for The Vascular and Endovascular Research Network (VERN) to retrospectively collect data pertaining to cardiovascular risk reduction from four tertiary vascular units in England. Patients with small AAA (January 2013-December 2015) were included. Demographic details, postcode, current medications, and smoking status were recorded using a bespoke electronic database and analysed. In a secondary analysis VERN contacted all AAA screening units in England and Wales to assess their current protocols relating to CV protection. RESULTS: In total, 1053 patients were included (mean age 74 ± 9 years, all men). Of these, 745 patients (70.8%) had been prescribed an antiplatelet agent and 787 (74.7%) a statin. Overall, only 666 patients (63.2%) were prescribed both a statin and antiplatelet. Two hundred and sixty eight patients (32.1%) were current smokers and the proportion of patients who continued to smoke decreased with age. Overall, only 401 patients (48.1%) were prescribed a statin, antiplatelet, and had stopped smoking. In the secondary analysis 38 AAA screening units (84% national coverage) replied. Thirty-one units (82%) suggest changes to the patient's prescription; however, none monitor compliance with these recommendations or assess whether the general practitioner has been made aware of the AAA diagnosis or prescription advice. CONCLUSION: Many patients with small AAA are not prescribed an antiplatelet/statin, and still smoke cigarettes, and therefore remain at high risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. National guidance to ensure this high risk group of patients is adequately protected from poor cardiovascular outcomes is lacking.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.ejvs.2017.04.009
ISSN: 1078-5884
eISSN: 1532-2165
Links: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1078588417302666
http://hdl.handle.net/2381/40176
Embargo on file until: 26-May-2018
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2017, European Society for Vascular Surgery. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s open access archiving policy.
Description: The file associated with this record is under embargo until 12 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences

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