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Title: Small airway imaging phenotypes in biomass- and tobacco smoke-exposed patients with COPD.
Authors: Fernandes, Lalita
Gulati, Nandani
Fernandes, Yasmin
Mesquita, Anthony Menezes
Sardessai, Mahesh
Lammers, Jan-Willem J.
Mohamed Hoesein, Firdaus A.
Ten Hacken, Nick H.T.
van den Berge, Maarten
Galbán, Craig J.
Siddiqui, Salman
First Published: 12-Apr-2017
Publisher: European Respiratory Society
Citation: ERJ Open Res, 2017, 3 (2)
Abstract: Biomass and functional small airway disease Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is currently the third most common cause of death, worldwide. Tobacco smoke (TS) is the main risk factor for COPD in developed countries, but biomass smoke (BMS) exposure is the leading cause in developing countries, particularly in women.
DOI Link: 10.1183/23120541.00124-2016
ISSN: 2312-0541
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2017. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium non-commercially, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation

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