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Title: Measurement Invariance of Personal Well-being Index (PWI-8) across 26 Countries
Authors: Żemojtel-Piotrowska, Magdalena
Piotrowski, Jarosław P.
Osin, Evgeny N.
Cieciuch, Jan
Adams, Byron G.
Ardi, Rahkman
Baltatescu, Sergiu
Lal Bhomi, Arbinda
Bogomaz, Sergey A.
Clinton, Amanda
de Clunie, Gisela T.
Esteves, Carla
Gouveia, Valdiney
Halik, Murnizam H. J.
Hosseini, Ashraf
Ilisko, Dzintra
Kachatryan, Narine
Vasant Kamble, Shanmukh
Kawula, Anna
Lun, Vivian
Klicperova-Baker, Martina
Liik, Kadi
Letovancova, Eva
Malo Cerrato, Sara
Malysheva, Natalia
Michalowski, Jaroslaw
Nikolic, Marija
Park, Joonha
Paspalanova, Elena
Perez de Leon, Pablo
Pék, Győző
Różycka-Tran, Joanna
Samekin, Adil
Shabhaz, Wahab
Thi Khanh Ha, Truong
Tiliouine, Habib
Van Hiel, Alain
Vauclair, Melanie
Wills, Eduardo
Włodarczyk, Anna
Yagiyaev, Ilya
Maltby, John
First Published: 8-Sep-2017
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2017,18: 1697
Abstract: The Mental Health Continuum – Short Form is a brief scale measuring positive human functioning. The study aimed to examine the factor structure and to explore the crosscultural utility of the MHC-SF using bifactor models and exploratory structural equation modelling (ESEM). Method: Using multigroup confirmatory analysis (MGCFA) we examined the measurement invariance of the MHC-SF in 38 countries (university students, N = 8,066; 61.73% women, mean age 21.55 years). Results: MGCFA supported the cross-cultural replicability of a bifactor structure and a metric level of invariance between student samples. The average proportion of variance explained by the general factor was high (ECV = .66), suggesting that the three aspects of mental health (emotional, social, and psychological well-being) can be treated as a single dimension of well-being. Conclusion: The metric level of invariance offers the possibility of comparing correlates and predictors of positive mental functioning across countries; however, the comparison of the levels of mental health across countries is not possible due to lack of scalar invariance. Our study has preliminary character and could serve as an initial assessment of the structure of the MHC-SF across different cultural settings. Further studies on general populations are required for extending our findings.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s10902-016-9795-0
ISSN: 0021-9762
eISSN: 1097-4679
Embargo on file until: 8-Sep-2018
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2017, Wiley. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s open access archiving policy.
Description: The file associated with this record is under embargo until 12 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour

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