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|Title:||N-doped few-layered graphene-polyNi complex nanocomposite with excellent electrochromic properties|
Ferreira, Roberta V.
Hillman, A. Robert
|Publisher:||Elsevier for American Carbon Society|
|Citation:||Carbon, 2017, 120, pp. 32-43|
|Abstract:||A new nanocomposite was obtained through the incorporation of N-doped few-layered graphene (N-FLG) into films of the electroactive polymer poly[Ni(3-Mesalen)] (poly). The nanocomposite, N-FLG@poly, prepared by in situ electropolymerization, showed similar electrochemical responses to pristine poly, but with more well-defined redox peaks and higher current intensities, in compliance with larger electroactive surface coverage. N-FLG incorporation did not affect the electronic structure of poly, but decreased in 12% the molar extinction coefficient of the charge transfer band between metal and oxidized ligand, which is a promising advantage since this band is related to polymer degradation. The N-FLG@poly showed multi-electrochromic behaviour (yellow in reduced state and green/russet in oxidized states) and revealed excellent improvement in electrochromic performance compared to original poly, specifically an increase of 71% in electrochemical stability (loss of 2.7% in charge after 10 000 switching cycles). Furthermore, nanocomposite formation decreased the switching time for oxidation (reduction) τ = 9 s (11 s) and improved the optical contrast (ΔT = 35.9%; increase of 38%) and colouration efficiency (η = 108.9 cm2 C−1; increase of 12%), for a representative film of coverage Γ = 296 nmol cm−2. The excellent electrochromic performance improvements are attributed to the alternative conducting pathways and to morphological modifications induced by N-FLG.|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2017, Elsevier for American Carbon Society. After an embargo period this version of the paper will be an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.|
|Description:||The file associated with this record is under embargo until 12 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Chemistry|
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|Carbon_Nisalen_N-FLG_manuscript (002).pdf||Post-review (final submitted author manuscript)||1.79 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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