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Title: The Andaman Islands Penal Colony: Race, Class, Criminality, and the British Empire
Authors: Anderson, Clare
First Published: 14-Jun-2018
Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Citation: International Review of Social History, 2018, 63, Special Issue S26 (Transportation, Deportation and Exile: Perspectives from the Colonies in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries), pp. 25-43
Abstract: This article explores the British Empire’s configuration of imprisonment and transportation in the Andaman Islands penal colony. It shows that British governance in the Islands produced new modes of carcerality and coerced migration in which the relocation of convicts, prisoners, and criminal tribes underpinned imperial attempts at political dominance and economic development. The article focuses on the penal transportation of Eurasian convicts, the employment of free Eurasians and Anglo-Indians as convict overseers and administrators, the migration of “volunteer” Indian prisoners from the mainland, the free settlement of Anglo-Indians, and the forced resettlement of the Bhantu “criminal tribe”. It examines the issue from the periphery of British India, thus showing that class, race, and criminality combined to produce penal and social outcomes that were different from those of the imperial mainland. These were related to ideologies of imperial governmentality, including social discipline and penal practice, and the exigencies of political economy.
DOI Link: 10.1017/S0020859018000202
ISSN: 0020-8590
eISSN: 1469-512X
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © Internationaal Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis, 2018. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, School of Historical Studies

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