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Title: Type II endoleak: conservative management is a safe strategy
Authors: Sidloff, DA
Gokani, V
Stather, PW
Choke, E
Bown, Matthew
Sayers, RD
First Published: 17-Jul-2014
Publisher: Elsevier for European Society for Vascular Surgery
Citation: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 2014, 48 (4), pp. 391-399
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Type II endoleak is the most common complication after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR); however, its natural history is unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence and outcomes of type II endoleak, at a single institution after EVAR. METHODS: A total of 904 consecutive patients who underwent EVAR between September 1995 and July 2013 at a single centre were entered onto a prospective database. All patients were followed up by duplex ultrasound (DUSS). Patients who developed type II endoleak were compared for preoperative demographics, mortality, and sac expansion. RESULTS: A total of 175(19%) patients developed type II endoleak over a median follow-up of 3.6 years (1.5-5.9 years); 54% of type II endoleaks spontaneously resolved within 6 months (0.25-1.2 years). No difference was found in preoperative demographics or choice of endograft between the two groups. Survival was significantly higher in the group with type II endoleak (94.1% vs. 85.6%; p = .01) and this effect was most pronounced in those with late type II endoleaks (97.7% vs. 85.6% p = .004). No difference was seen in aneurysm-related mortality or rate of type I endoleak between the two groups. Freedom from sac expansion (>5 mm from preoperative diameter) was significantly lower in the group of patients with type II endoleak (82.5% vs. 93.2%, p = .0001); however, at a threshold of >10 mm from preoperative diameter no difference was seen. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with isolated type II endoleak demonstrate equivalent aneurysm-related mortality and an improved survival.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.ejvs.2014.06.035
ISSN: 1078-5884
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2014. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License (, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
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