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Title: Evaluation of silicon photomultipliers for dual-mirror Small-Sized Telescopes of Cherenkov Telescope Array
Authors: Asano, A.
Berge, D.
Bonanno, G.
Bryan, M.
Gebhardt, B.
Grillo, A.
Hidaka, N.
Kachru, P.
Lapington, J.
Leach, S.
Nakamura, Y.
Okumura, A.
Romeo, G.
Ross, D.
Stephan, M.
Tajima, H.
Timpanaro, M. C.
White, R.
Yamane, N.
Zink, A.
First Published: 13-Nov-2017
Publisher: Elsevier for North-Holland
Citation: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 2017
Abstract: All camera designs for Small-Sized telescopes (SSTs) proposed for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) utilize silicon photomultipliers (SiPM) as their baseline photon sensor technology. The dual-mirror SST (SST-2M) has a smaller plate scale (i.e. image size) than the single-mirror SST, allowing it to employ 2,000 square SiPMs with pixel sizes of approximately 6 mm, close to the mainstream SiPM sizes.In CTA, the night sky background level of typically ~25 Mcounts/s/pixel ( > 100 Mcounts/s/pixel at maximum) places severe constraints on the trigger capability due to accidental coincidence on neighboring pixels. In order to suppress such events, it is necessary to reduce optical crosstalk, a mechanism whereby a single optical photon can produce multiple avalanches in the SiPM, while keeping good photon detection efficiency. These are, in general, contradicting requirements.In this manuscript, we report on characterization of a variety of SiPM technologies for SST-2M cameras and compare results obtained at different participating institutions. We assess the harmonization of results and discuss the likely performance that will be achieved for the first production cameras.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.nima.2017.11.017
ISSN: 0168-9002
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2017. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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