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Title: Violent and non-violent crimes against sex workers: The influence of the sex market on reporting practices in the United Kingdom
Authors: Connelly, Laura
Kamerāde, Daiga
Sanders, Teela
First Published: 21-Jun-2018
Publisher: SAGE Publications (UK and US)
Citation: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2018
Abstract: Previous research has shown that sex workers experience extremely high rates of victimization but are often reluctant to report their experiences to the police. This paper explores how the markets in which sex workers operate in the United Kingdom impact upon the violent and non-violent crimes they report to a national support organization and their willingness to report victimization to the police. We use a secondary quantitative data analysis of 2,056 crime reports submitted to the UK National Ugly Mugs (NUM) scheme between 2012 and 2016. The findings indicate that although violence is the most common crime type reported to NUM, sex workers operating in different markets report varying relative proportions of different types of victimization. We also argue that there is some variation in the level of willingness to share reports with the police across the different sex markets, even when the type crime, presence of violence, and other variables are taken into account. Our finding that street sex workers are most likely to report victimization directly to the police challenges previously held assumptions that criminalization is the key factor preventing sex workers from engaging with the police.
DOI Link: 10.1177/0886260518780782
ISSN: 0886-2605
eISSN: 1552-6518
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2018, SAGE Publications (UK and US). Deposited with reference to the publisher’s open access archiving policy. (
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Criminology

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