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Title: How small are small numbers in cyberspace?: Small, virtual, wannabe 'states', minorities and their cyberconflicts
Authors: Karatzogianni, Athina
First Published: 11-Sep-2008
Publisher: Routledge
Citation: Karatzogianni, A, How small are small numbers in cyberspace?: Small, virtual, wannabe 'states', minorities and their cyberconflicts, 'Cyber Conflict and Global Politics', 2008, pp. 128-145
Abstract: This chapters argues, first, that established mainstream media and their online equivalents usually support what different theorists call state-like, hierarchical, or vertebrate political forms of organization crucial to state/status quo survival. Second, that independent, alternative or peer-to-peer, networked media, usually support transnational, rhizomatic, cellular networks, such as ethnoreligious and sociopolitical movements or diasporic minorities and dissident networks within. Third, that small states and minorities are especially vulnerable to both these modalities, as they are frequently too small, too new or too insignificant to have been adequately mass-mediated in the past, so any representations by the mass media are registered automatically as negotiated in the global public sphere.
DOI Link: 10.4324/9780203890769
ISBN: 9781134045822
Embargo on file until: 11-Mar-2020
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Chapter
Rights: Copyright © 2018, Routledge. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s open access archiving policy. (
Description: The file associated with this record is under embargo until 18 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Books & Book Chapters, Dept. of Media and Communication

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