Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Introduction: A Global History of Convicts and Penal Colonies
Authors: Anderson, Clare
First Published: 17-May-2018
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
Citation: Anderson, C, Introduction: A Global History of Convicts and Penal Colonies, 'A Global History of Convicts and Penal Colonies', Bloomsbury Academic, 2018
Abstract: [First paragraph] In 1415, the Portuguese Empire used convicts as part of an expeditionary force sent to conquer the Moroccan presidio (fort) of Ceuta in North Africa. This marked the first known use of condemned criminals by a European power in an expansionary imperial project. Numerous other global powers emulated the Portuguese example in the years, decades and centuries that followed. The Spanish, Dutch, Scandinavians, British, French, Japanese, Chinese, Russians and Soviets all transported convicts over large distances of land or sea; as did the independent states of Latin America, including Cuba, Mexico, Ecuador, Brazil and Argentina. Transportation was a means of punishment, deterrence, and population management and, through the expropriation of convict labour, of occupying and settling distant frontiers. Convicts travelled multi-directionally, shipped outwards from Europe and other metropolitan centres, within nations, and between colonies and the so-called peripheries of empires and polities. Excepting Antarctica, its extent touched every continent of the globe.
ISBN: 9781350000674
Embargo on file until: 17-May-2019
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Chapter
Rights: Copyright © 2018, Bloomsbury Academic. Archived with permission of the publisher. (
Description: The file associated with this record is under embargo until 18 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Books & Book Chapters, School of Historical Studies

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Ch.+1.+Anderson+INTRODUCTION+October.pdfPost-review (final submitted author manuscript)569.7 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in LRA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.