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Title: Soup and Reform: Improving the Poor and Reforming Immigrants through Soup Kitchens 1870–1910
Authors: Carstairs, Philip
First Published: 11-Mar-2017
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
Citation: International Journal of Historical Archaeology, 2017, 21(4), pp. 901–936
Abstract: Charitable soup kitchens proliferated in nineteenth-century Europe and North America. Three soup kitchens operating in England between 1870 and 1910 are compared; two were Jewish soup kitchens, the other was an English (non-Jewish) charity. Institutional buildings are often analyzed using Foucault-derived models of control based on surveillance and punishment. Such models may not explain fully charities, their buildings, or their method of reform. Historical archaeology can show how charity that coerces or dehumanizes the poor is less likely to create lasting improvements in the behaviors it is seeking to reform than charity that adopts a more positive approach.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s10761-017-0403-8
ISSN: 1092-7697
eISSN: 1573-7748
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2017. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, School of Archaeology and Ancient History

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