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Title: Apatite: A new redox proxy for silicic magmas?
Authors: Miles, AJ
Graham, CM
Hawkesworth, CJ
Gillespie, MR
Hinton, RW
Bromiley, GD
First Published: 11-Feb-2014
Publisher: Elsevier, Meteoritical Society, Geochemical Society
Citation: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2014, 132, pp. 101-119
Abstract: The oxidation states of magmas provide valuable information about the release and speciation of volatile elements during volcanic eruptions, metallogenesis, source rock compositions, open system magmatic processes, tectonic settings and potentially titanium (Ti) activity in chemical systems used for Ti-dependent geothermometers and geobarometers. In this paper we explore the use of Mn in apatite as an oxybarometer in intermediate and silicic igneous rocks. Increased Mn concentrations in apatite in granitic rocks from the zoned Criffell granitic pluton (southern Scotland) correlate with decreasing Fe2O3 (Fe3+ 24 ) and Mn in the whole-rock and likely reflect increased Mn2+/Mn3+ and greater compatibility of Mn2+ 25 relative to Mn3+ in apatite under reduced conditions. Fe3+/Fe2+ 26 ratios in biotites have previously been used to calculate oxygen fugacities (fO2) in the outer zone granodiorites and inner zone granites where redox conditions have been shown to change from close to the magnetite hematite buffer to close to the nickel-nickel oxide buffer respectively (Stephens et al., 1985). This trend is apparent in apatite Mn concentrations from a range of intermediate to silicic volcanic rocks that exhibit varying redox states and are shown to vary linearly and negatively with log fO2, such that log fO2 = -0.0022(±0.0003) Mn (ppm) – 9.75(±0.46) Variations in the Mn concentration of apatites appear to be largely independent of differences in the Mn concentration of the melt. Apatite Mn concentrations may therefore provide an independent oxybarometer that is amenable to experimental calibration, with major relevance to studies on detrital mineral suites, particularly those containing a record of early Earth redox conditions, and on the climatic impact of historic volcanic eruptions.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.gca.2014.01.040
ISSN: 0016-7037
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2014, Elsevier, Meteoritical Society, Geochemical Society. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s open access archiving policy. (
Description: Supplementary data associated with this article can be found, in the online version, at
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Geology

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