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Title: Highly Efficient Abiotic Assay Formats for Methyl Parathion: Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Nanoparticle Assay as an Alternative to Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Authors: Esen, C
Czulak, J
Cowen, T
Piletska, E
Piletsky, SA
First Published: 6-Dec-2018
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, 2019, 91, 1, 958-964
Abstract: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a widely used standard method for sensitive detection of analytes of environmental, clinical, or biotechnological interest. However, ELISA has clear drawbacks related to the use of relatively unstable antibodies and enzyme conjugates and the need for several steps such as washing of nonbound conjugates and addition of dye reagents. Herein, we introduce a new completely abiotic assay where antibodies and enzymes are replaced with fluorescent molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles (nanoMIPs) and target-conjugated magnetic nanoparticles, which acted as both reporter probes and binding agents. The components of the molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticle assay (MINA) are assembled in microtiter plates fitted with magnetic inserts. We have compared the performance of a new magnetic assay with molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP)-based ELISA for the detection of methyl parathion (MP). Both assays have shown high sensitivity toward allowing detection of MP at picomolar concentrations without any cross-reactivity against chlorpyriphos and fenthion. The fully abiotic assays were also proven to detect analyte in real samples such as tap water and milk. Unlike ELISA-based systems, the novel assay required no washing steps or addition of enzyme substrates, making it more user-friendly and suitable for high throughput screening.
DOI Link: 10.1021/acs.analchem.8b04065
ISSN: 0003-2700
eISSN: 1520-6882
Embargo on file until: 6-Dec-2019
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2018, American Chemical Society. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s open access archiving policy. (
Description: The file associated with this record is under embargo until 12 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Chemistry

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