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Title: Association of hypoglycaemia and risk of cardiac arrhythmia in patients with diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Authors: Fitzpatrick, C
Chatterjee, S
Seidu, S
Bodicoat, DH
Ng, GA
Davies, MJ
Khunti, K
First Published: 8-May-2018
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Diabetes Obes Metab, 2018, 20 (9), pp. 2169-2178
Abstract: AIMS: Hypoglycaemia is associated with increased cardiovascular risk among individuals with diabetes mellitus. It has been hypothesized that hypoglycaemia may trigger autonomic changes leading to increased cardiac arrhythmia risk. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore this association. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ovid Medline, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane were searched from inception to October 10, 2017. We included studies of adults with diabetes (Type 1 or Type 2) that compared acute electrocardiogram (ECG) changes during episodes of hypoglycaemia and euglycaemia. RESULTS: Our search resulted in 4625 citations, among which 20 studies met the predefined inclusion criteria. Finally, 12 studies were included in the descriptive analysis and 15 in the meta-analysis. Overall hypoglycaemia was associated with a reduction in heart rate variability and an increase in arrhythmia occurrence. QTc interval length was more significantly prolonged during hypoglycaemia compared to euglycaemia (pooled mean difference [95% confidence intervals] [0.64 (0.27-1.01], P = ·001). Subgroup analysis based on diabetes type showed that QTc prolongation occurred in individuals with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes; however, the change between euglycaemia reached statistical significance only among individuals with Type 1 diabetes. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that hypoglycaemia results in ECG alterations that are associated with increased risk of cardiac arrhythmia, which is associated with increased cardiovascular events and mortality. More clinical studies are needed to determine the cardiac risks of hypoglycaemia in individuals with diabetes, especially in Type 2 diabetes.
DOI Link: 10.1111/dom.13348
eISSN: 1463-1326
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s open access archiving policy. (
Description: The file associated with this record is under embargo until 12 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences

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