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Title: Review of the accomplishments of mid-latitude Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) HF radars
Authors: Nishitani, N
Ruohoniemi, JM
Lester, M
Baker, JBH
Koustov, AV
Shepherd, SG
Chisham, G
Hori, T
Thomas, EG
Makarevich, RA
Marchaudon, A
Ponomarenko, P
Wild, JA
Milan, SE
Bristow, WA
Devlin, J
Miller, E
Greenwald, RA
Ogawa, T
Kikuchi, T
First Published: 18-Mar-2019
Publisher: SpringerOpen (part of Springer Nature), Japan Geoscience Union
Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science, 2019, 6:27
Abstract: The Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) is a network of high-frequency (HF) radars located in the high- and mid-latitude regions of both hemispheres that is operated under international cooperation. The network was originally designed for monitoring the dynamics of the ionosphere and upper atmosphere in the high-latitude regions. However, over the last approximately 15 years, SuperDARN has expanded into the mid-latitude regions. With radar coverage that now extends continuously from auroral to sub-auroral and mid-latitudes, a wide variety of new scientific findings have been obtained. In this paper, the background of mid-latitude SuperDARN is presented at first. Then, the accomplishments made with mid-latitude SuperDARN radars are reviewed in five specified scientific and technical areas: convection, ionospheric irregularities, HF propagation analysis, ion-neutral interactions, and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) waves. Finally, the present status of mid-latitude SuperDARN is updated and directions for future research are discussed. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
DOI Link: 10.1186/s40645-019-0270-5
eISSN: 2197-4284
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2019. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Description: The SuperDARN datasets shown in this paper are available in the Virginia Tech website at: The AACGM-v2 software for calculating geomagnetic coordinates of the SuperDARN radars is available in the Dartmouth College web server at:
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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